Bhoomi (meaning land) is the project of on-line delivery and management of land records in Karnataka. It provides transparency in land records management with better citizen services and takes discretion away from civil servants at operating levels.

The Revenue Department in Karnataka, with the technical assistance from National Informatics Centre (NIC), Bangalore, has built and operationalised the BHOOMI system throughout the state. The BHOOMI has computerized 20 million records of land ownership of 6.7 million farmers in the state.

BHOOMI has reduced the discretion of public officials by introducing provisions for recording a mutation request online. Farmers can now access the database and are empowered to follow up. In the BHOOMI project, a printed copy of the RTC can be obtained online by providing the name of the owner or plot number at computerized land record kiosks in 177 taluk offices, for a fee of Rs.15. A second computer screen faces the clients to enable them to see the transaction being performed. A farmer can check the status of a mutation application on Touch Screen Kiosks. If the revenue inspector does not complete the mutation within 45 days, a farmer can now approach a senior officer person with their griveance.

Now, mutation requests are being handled strictly on a first-come-first-served basis eliminating preferential treatment and discretionary powers of the civil servants.

Operators of the computerized system are made accountable for their decisions and actions by using a bio-login system that authenticates every Login through a thumbprint. A log is maintained of all transactions in a session.

The new system has brought about a sea change in the way land records are maintained and administered in the state. The system has not only simplified the process of record keeping but has also provided many collateral benefits. This governance model has proven to be financially self-sustainable. It has become a trendsetter for e-Governance projects in the state as well as other parts of the country.

In the next phase of BHOOMI, the ?LAND RECORDS ON WEB? has be established wherein, all the taluk databases are getting uploaded to a web-enabled central database so as to allow the private agencies to set up the village – level kiosk to download the land records documents at the village and issue to the farmers. In this Private Public Participation (PPP) model, all the stakeholders will be benefited in land records delivery.

Issue of RTC through Private Kiosk Administrative Procedure

  • Click here to Download Required ActiveX controls. After downloading save the file into C:\ drive, double click on the RTCActivexSetup.msi file and follow the procedure.
  • Private Kiosk Operator will apply to Deputy Commissioner (DC) of concerned district as per the circular, requesting for connectivity to BHOOMI Data Centre (BDC) to issue RTCs.
  • After scrutinizing the application, DC will approve/reject the application. If approved, he will intimate the BHOOMI Data Centre, Revenue Department, Bangalore and concerned taluka tahsildar with the details of the Private Kiosk.
  • As per the details given by DC, The BDC will create the login account for the private kiosk operator and intimate the same to the concerned DC & tahsildar. The password will be sent from the BDC by registered post to the private Kiosk Operator directly. Which needs to be preserved securely by operator.
  • With the approval order of DC, the Private Kiosk Operator will approach the tahsildar of his juridiction with the advance payment of atleast Rs 1500.00 in the form of Demand Draft in favour of (Taluka Bhoomi bank Account), within 15 days of approval of DC.
  • On receipt of this, the tahsildar will give the username received from BDC and issue the batch of green coloured pre-printed RTCs, which will be equal to the advance paid, by considering Rs 15/- for one RTC. The pre-printed RTCs will have pre-printed serial number and hologram.
  • Now, the Private Kiosk Operator will open the Bhoomi web page on identified system at approved village to view and print RTCs. He has to use the same system for viewing & printing. Otherwise his login will not operate.
  • Every time the RTC is printed by the Private Kiosk Operator, the amount Rs 15/- will be deducted from his advance as service charge by BDC. Before printing the RTC, operator has to enter the serial number printed on RTC on which the printing is being done so that the same number will be printed on that RTC.
  • When the balance of advance amount paid by private Kiosk Operator falls below Rs 500/-, he will be issued warning message as ‘renew the account’ on his system everytime the RTC is printed.
  • Whenever the balance amount falls below the minimum of Rs 500.00, Private Kiosk Operator has to approach the tahsildar with the advance amount of atleast of Rs 1500.00 in the form of DD.
  • Whenever the advance has been paid by the private kiosk operator, the tahsildar has to carry out the steps 5 (as given above).
  • Private Kiosk Operator has to preserve the RTCs which have not been printed properly because of printer, paper or system problems. He can approach the tahsildar with these RTCs to get the new set of green coloured pre-printed RTCs and equal amount of credit into his account.
  • The private Kiosk Operator can submit the list of RTCs of multiple pages with number of pages to the tahsildar to collect only the equal number of RTCs, but not the amount of credit.
  • The tahsildar has to carry out the steps 5 for improperly printed RTCs and list of RTCs of multiple pages submitted by Private Kiosk Operator. On web form, he will enter credit as ‘Adjustment’ instead of ‘Payment’ and DD No & date as blank.

What is Pahani(RTC)?

Pahani(RTC) is a very important revenue records, as it contains details of land such as owners’ details,area, assessment, water rate, soil type, nature of possession of the Land, Liabilities, Tenancy and Crops grown, etc.

Why is Pahani required?

Pahani is required for various purposes:

  • To know the genuiness of seller(owner) when land is being purchased.
  • It is required at Sub-Register’s office when sale transaction is being done
  • To raise the farm credit / loan from the Bank.
  • Court needs Pahani in case of Civil litigation.
  • For personal purpose.

What does Pahani contain?

Pahani contains valuable data related to piece of Land. It has the following information :

  • Survey Number and Hissa Number of Land.
  • Total Land under the Pahani.
  • Land Revenue details.
  • Land Owner’s name with Extents and Khatha Number.
  • The way land is acquired by the owner.
  • Government/Public rights on the Land.
  • Liabilities of the Owners on the Land.
  • Classification of the Soil.
  • Number of Trees.
  • Source of irrigation and area irrigated.
  • Cultivators Details.
  • Utilisation of land under various categories.
  • Details of Crops grown season-wise.
  • Details of Mixed Crops.

How to get the Pahani?

One can get the signed copy of computerized PAHANI from PAHANI CENTRE, set up at the Tahsildar Office, instantaneously by paying Rs.15.00. If he is unable to come to Taluk office, it can be collected by paying Rs.15.00 to Village Accountant / Revenue Inspector, who inturn will collect computerized PAHANI from PAHANI CENTRE and hand it over.

How is the computerised RTC different from manual RTC?

There is absolutely no difference in the contents of computerised RTC and manual RTC. However, the computerised RTC is neat and easily readable and understandable as details are printed in the respective Columns.
Further it cannot be tampered easily.

What are the benefits of computerisation to the Public?

The Public will have lots of benefits from computerisation. The whole process of updation of Land Records will be transparent. The following are the benefits :

  • Farmer can collect his land records related documents from PAHANI CENTRE instantaneously by paying Rs.15.00.
  • Public can request Revenue Department to carry out the mutation on the land as per their transactions and collect the acknowledgement for that.
  • Farmer can come and see the status of ‘mutation requested’ by him and status of ‘mutation-in-process’ on his land.
  • At TOUCH SCREEN KIOSK the Public can view the land records documents, status of mutation and various other reports.

What happens if I take manually written RTC in Computerised Taluk?

Government of Karnataka has issued the order saying that in Computerised taluka, only computer generated RTC’s are valid for all legal purposes and that handwritten RTC will not be recognized by Government

What is Mutation?

Mutation is a process through which Owner’s name or his particulars like liabilities get changed because of some type of transactions. The type of transaction may be one of the following:

  • J-Slip-Sale through registered deed.
  • Inheritance – Change of Ownership because of death of the Owner.
  • Division of Land within the Family.
  • Pledge / Release – Change in liabilities because of loan from bank or repayment to bank.
  • Court Decree – Based on the Court Order.
  • Alienation – Conversion of land from agricultural to other purposes.
  • Acquisition by Government for Public purpose. 
  • Grant of Land by Government to Poor People.

Is there any difference in Land Records Updation Process after Computerisation?

NO. Updation process of Land Records is same in both Computerised and Manual systems. All the rules of Karnataka Land Revenue Act are followed as it is, in case of Computerised system with some added precautions.

When does the Owner name and his details Change?

The change in Owner name and his details will take place when one of the following transactions occurs :

  • J-Slip – Sale transaction takes place at SRO.
  • Inheritance – Death of the Owner.
  • Division of Land within Family Members.
  • Court Decree – Order of the court.
  • Grant by the Government.
  • Alienation for non-agricultural purposes.
  • Acquisition by Government.
  • Podi – Division of RTC into 2 or more.
  • Pledge/Release of the Land with / from banks.

How to bring New Owner’s name or change the owner’s details in the RTC?

The Owners of the land will change because of purchase transaction, Inheritance, Division, Grant by Government, Court Decree. When one of these takes place, NEW OWNERS should approach the Revenue Department with the required document to incorporate their names. They can request for the same at the PAHANI CENTRE and collect the acknowledgement.

Similarly when loan is taken or repayment is done, to change the liabilities details, Owner can submit the request at the PAHANI CENTRE with required documents.

What is Objection and how to raise it?

Objection is a complaint about the transaction. That is, if some transaction comes for change of Ownership, to the Revenue Department, before accepting as it is, department serves the notice to the interested parties and puts in the CHAVADI. If anybody feels it is illegal transaction or feels his rights on the land is in trouble, he can raise the Objection. He has to give a written Objection within 30 days from notice served date to Village Accountant / Revenue Inspector / Taluk Office.

When does crop data change in RTC ?

Crop details will be written on the RTC once or twice in a year, depending upon the seasons. The Crops information will be written by Village Accountant after inspecting the field.

What to do if crops information is wrong in RTC?

One can lodge a request to change the crop information on the PAHANI at the PAHANI CENTRE / Village Accountant. The same will be changed after ” & ” verification by Village Accountant / Revenue Inspector.

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